Notes and Sources
The Abstract Wild, Jack Turner. University of Arizona Press, 1996.
Education and the Cult of Efficiency, Raymond E. Callahan, University of Chicago Press, 1964
The Theory of American Education, William Torrey Harris, Journal of Education, 1870
The Underground History of American Education: A School Teacher's Intimate Investigation Into the Problem of Modern Schooling, John Taylor Gatto, Odysseus Group, 2000.
A Study into the Effects of Light on Children of Elementary School-Age – A Case of Daylight Robbery, Warren E Hathaway et al. Alberta Department of Education, 1992.
1 In 4 Americans Thinks The Sun Goes Around The Earth, Survey Says, Scott Neuman, The 2-Way, Breaking News from NPR, February 14, 2014.
Stanford researchers find mental health prescription: Nature. Rob Jordan, Stanford Report, June 30, 2015
Nature experience reduces rumination and subgenual prefrontal cortex activation. Gregory N. Bratman, J. Paul Hamilton, Kevin S. Hahn, Gretchen C. Daily, and James J. Gross, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 112 no. 28 8567–8572
Health and well-being naturally: 'contact with nature' in health promotion for targeted individuals, communities and populations. Pryor A1, Townsend M, Maller C, Field K., Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 2006 Aug;17(2):114-23.
Examining Group Walks in Nature and Multiple Aspects of Well-Being: A Large-Scale Study. Marselle M, Irvine K, Warber Sara. Ecopsychology. 2014.
The Power of Nature: Ecotherapy and Awakening. Steve Taylor, Psychology Today, April 28. 2012.
Pilot Physical Activity Intervention Reduces Severity of ADHD Symptoms in Young Children. Alan L. Smith, Betsy Hoza, Kate Linnea, Julia D. McQuade, Meghan Tomb, Aaron J. Vaughn, Erin K. Shoulberg, Holly Hook. Journal of Attention Disorders, January 2013 vol. 17 no. 1 70-82
Open Attention as a Tool for Observational Learning. Suzanne Gaskins. Presented at Learning In and Out of School: Education Across the Globe, conference hosted at University of Notre Dame, 2012.
The Cultural Nature of Human Development, Barbara Rogoff, Oxford University Press, 2003
The Anthropology of Learning in Childhood, David Lancy, John Bock, Suzanne Gaskins, eds. Altamira Press, 2011.
Life Among the Qallunaat, Mini Aodla Freeman, University of Manitoba Press, 2015p. 8
Childhood in an Indian Village, Wilfred Peltier. New England Free Press, 1969.
“I have been to numerous communities across Canada and I still do not find where Indians teach. All young children were allowed to grow, to develop, and to learn….We learned … by listening to the words adults spoke, what they said when they were talking, and built our own kind of relationship with (things.)…
…One of the practiced ethics of the community was non-interference. No one interfered with us, and this way of living still exists today. If you go to an Indian home the kids don’t come up and bug you while you are talking to someone else. They might come and stand by you quietly, just as an adult might. If you observe Indians someplace, they will stand quietly, and only when they are acknowledged, will they speak. If they get into a group session, they will act the same way. They will sit and listen to people talk, and when they get the opportunity they will speak, but they won’t cut you off or interfere. There are some who do this now, but not very many. Most of them will just wait. The whole background of the educational system was that of observing and feeling. This is how they learned.”
Land as Pedagogy: Nishnaabeg intelligence and rebellious transformation. Leanne Betasamosake Simpson. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education, & Society, 2014.
Indigenising Curriculum: Questions posed by Baiga vidya. Padma M. Sarangapani, Comparative Education, 2003.
Education as the Domestication of Inner Space, Layla AbdelRahim, Fifth Estate #391, Spring/ Summer 2014
Just Another Brick in the Wall, Alfie Kohn, Psychology Today, June 4, 2014.
Wild Mammals in Captivity: Principles and Techniques for Zoo Management, Devra G. Kleiman, Katerina V. Thompson, Charlotte Kirk Baer, eds. University of Chicago Press, 2012
The Likely Cause of Addiction Has Been Discovered, and It Is Not What You Think, Johann Hari, Huffington Post, January 20, 2015.
The Globalization of Addiction: A Study in Poverty of the Spirit, Bruce Alexander, Oxford University Press, 2010.
Older bull elephants control young males, Nature 408, 425-426 (23 November 2000) Rob Slotow, Gus van Dyk, Joyce Poole, Bruce Page & Andre Klocke
South Africa Reins In Its Young Elephants, Dean E. Murphy, LA Times, September 18, 1998.
Thoreau and the American Indians, Robert E. Sayre, Princeton University Press, 1977
Free To Learn: Why Unleashing the Instinct to Play Will Make Our Children Happier, More Self-Reliant, and Better Students for Life, Peter Gray, 2013. Basic Books, NY, 2013.
Why is the Child Crying? Slavery, Settler Colonialism, and the Ontological Misfortune of the Child, Toby Rollo, Post-doctoral fellow, University of British Columbia, unpublished manuscript, 2015.
Books and articles not used in the writing of this essay but which deal with similar themes. If you have any suggestions for this list, please get in touch!
Unschooling Science: Slow Learning, Nature, and Life, Wendy Priesnitz, Life Learning Magazine
We Don't Need No Education (At least not of the traditional, compulsory, watch-the-clock-until-the-bell-rings kind. As a growing movement of unschoolers believe, a steady diet of standardized testing and indoor inactivity is choking the creativity right out of our kids. The alternative: set 'em free.) Ben Hewitt, Outside Online, August 12, 2014.
Wild Children – Domesticated Dreams: Civilization and the Birth of Education, Layla AbdelRahim, Fernwood Publishing, April 2013.
Walking on Water: Reading, Writing, and Revolution, Derrick Jensen, Chelsea Green Publishing Co., White River Junction, VT, 2004.
This Revolution Will Not Be Schooled: How We Are Collectively Improvising a 'New Story' About Learning, Bayo Akomolafe and Manish Jain, TheRules.org, March 11, 2016
The Parrot's Training, A retelling by Manish Jain of a story by Rabindranath Tagore. Illustrated by Atreyee Dey. Banyan Tree Books, Indore, copyleft 2016.